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Russia Restricts Twitter Speed Over Banned Content


MOSCOW—Russia’s communications watchdog said it would slow down the speed of


in the country for failing to delete banned content, escalating its crackdown on internet freedoms.

The regulator, Roskomnadzor, said Wednesday that it would limit the speed of the service on all cellphones and half of stationary devices, such as desktop computers, beginning March 10. The agency said it could block Twitter entirely if it failed to remove banned content linked to suicide, pornography and drugs.

The move against the platform, which is used by Kremlin opposition activists, follows a warning by the regulator earlier this month that if the company doesn’t remove the content it could face fines of $100,000 or more. It comes in the aftermath of a wave of protests last month following the detention of opposition politician

Alexei Navalny.

“In order to protect Russian citizens and force the internet service to comply with the legislation on the territory of the Russian Federation, centralized response measures have been taken against Twitter, namely, the primary slowdown of the service speed,” Roskomnadzor said, adding that there were more than 3,000 posts containing illegal content on the platform.

An official from the agency told the Russian Interfax news agency that the move would affect photo and video content and not text posts.

Russian officials said Wednesday that other online services, including


could be hit with similar slowdowns.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that Russia isn’t looking to fully block social-media platforms but it has the right to move against them.

“Russians should be able to have access to all the world’s resources. This is the main goal,” Mr. Peskov told reporters Wednesday. “But it is quite reasonable to take measures to force these companies to comply with our laws.”

Twitter and Facebook didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment.

Twitter was fined $54,000 last year and $41 in 2019 for failing to meet the country’s requirements that its servers used to store Russians’ personal data be located in Russia.

Twitter has also faced pushback in other countries, including Turkey, Egypt, Cuba and the United Arab Emirates, with some governments disrupting or suspending the service during times of protest or political upheaval. The platform is completely blocked in some states, such as China, Iran and North Korea.

In Russia, social-media platforms have been under increasing pressure in recent years as authorities have seen the threat they pose in helping to spread antigovernment discourse and calls to action, including protests.

In the wake of January’s demonstrations, which were the biggest in a decade and centered on shrinking political freedoms and falling living standards as well as Mr. Navalny’s jailing, the communications watchdog demanded social networks remove posts about protests.

Big Tech’s deplatforming of former President Donald Trump has sparked a debate about the future of content moderation on social media. WSJ speaks with a disinformation and moderation expert about what comes next. (Video from 1/22/21)

Last year, the lower house of parliament, or Duma, passed a bill giving authorities broader scope to block access to Western social-media sites if they discriminate against Russian media and slap larger fines on them if they fail to delete illegal content. President

Vladimir Putin

subsequently signed the bill into law.

In a speech at the World Economic Forum in January, Mr. Putin said that tech giants are attempting to “manage society at one’s own discretion and in a tough manner,” restricting people’s right to express themselves freely.

In 2019, Mr. Putin signed a law known as the Sovereign Internet Law, which would allow Russia to effectively cut itself off from the global internet, in a move activists said would tighten government control of cyberspace and stifle free speech. That same year, Russian authorities ordered dating app Tinder to share user data and messages with government and intelligence agencies.

Write to Georgi Kantchev at [email protected]

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