[ad_1]

President Biden said he expects Russia to make some kind of move against Ukraine and would face consequences calibrated to the degree of aggression, while the administration’s top diplomat sought to reassure Ukraine’s president of unified support from the West.

Mr. Biden, speaking at a White House news conference on Wednesday, reiterated that Russia would face punishing sanctions should it invade Ukraine, and he said that he is working to keep the North Atlantic Treaty Organization military alliance unified in its response. Mr. Biden said Russian President

Vladimir Putin

faces a stark choice and will regret choosing conflict.

Mr. Biden initially suggested that he thinks Mr. Putin will mount some kind of assault. “My guess is he will move in. He has to do something,” Mr. Biden said. He later said, “I don’t think he’s made up his mind yet.”

Hours earlier, Secretary of State

Antony Blinken

told Ukrainian President

Volodymyr Zelensky

in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv that if Moscow “chooses to renew aggression against Ukraine, it will be met and it will face very severe consequences.”

A senior State Department official confirmed that the Biden administration has approved $200 million in new defensive military assistance to Ukraine, saying on Wednesday that the U.S. “will continue to provide Ukraine the support it needs.” That sum includes Javelin antitank missiles, U.S. officials said, though the administration has stopped short of providing offensive weapons to Ukraine and said it won’t use direct military force to support the country.

“To take very fast steps to modernize the army, we need help here, especially help in such times—difficult times,” Mr. Zelensky said.

The tensions over Ukraine are part of a larger disagreement between Moscow and NATO about security in Eastern Europe, with U.S. officials this week saying Russian troops and weaponry are moving into Belarus—a shift that could position them for deployment to Ukraine. That is in addition to some 100,000 Russian troops that U.S. and European officials estimate to be deployed near Russia’s border with Ukraine.

Russian forces are moving to bracket Ukraine on three sides. The deployments in Belarus expand the Russian military’s already considerable presence north of Ukraine and provides the Russian military with greater firepower should it opt to drive toward Kyiv, among other contingencies. Russia has a substantial force east of Ukraine and has been supporting separatists in that part of the country.

A flotilla of Russian amphibious assault ships, meanwhile, has left the Baltic Sea and is heading through the English Channel, according to photographs on social media and military analysts. The analysts said those ships are likely steaming to the Black Sea to build up Moscow’s already formidable military presence in and around Crimea.

Military force locations:

Military force locations:

Military force locations:

In his news conference, Mr. Biden touched on moves Russia might make against Ukraine short of a full-scale invasion, mentioning cyberattacks and efforts by security operatives to sow divisions in Ukraine. He suggested that NATO’s response would depend on Russia’s aggression and that the alliance members would have to deliberate on what to do, but, he said, an invasion would be met with devastating sanctions.

“Russia will be held accountable if it invades,” Mr. Biden said. “It’s one thing if it’s a minor incursion and we end up having to fight about what to do and not do. But if they actually do what they’re capable of doing with the forces amassed on the border, it is going to be a disaster for Russia.”

Mr. Biden said possible sanctions would include cutting off Russia from the dollar-denominated international finance system. He reiterated that reinforcements would also flow to NATO members on the alliance’s eastern flank, closest to Russia.

Mr. Biden also articulated a possible diplomatic resolution. He offered to negotiate on the positioning of strategic weapons in Ukraine. He also said that Ukraine’s prospective membership in NATO in the near term isn’t likely, though he said the decision is ultimately the alliance’s. Both issues, Mr. Biden, said were raised by Mr. Putin in their discussions.

On the troop deployment in Belarus, Russian Deputy Defense Minister

Alexander Fomin

said troops from Belarus and Moscow are conducting exercises and taking actions “to neutralize threats” to the borders of the Union State, an alliance that binds Russia and Belarus together in various areas ranging from the economy to defense.

The forces would prepare for “actions not only within their boundaries of responsibility,” but also for threats that suddenly arise from any direction, Mr. Fomin said.

He didn’t specify how many troops would be involved in the exercises, the first phase of which is scheduled to begin on Feb. 9.

Belarusian President

Alexander Lukashenko

said on Monday that the joint exercises would be conducted on Belarus’s western border and on the country’s southern flank, where it borders Ukraine.

To ensure a functioning air defense for the Russian-Belarusian union, 12 Su-35 jets will be relocated to Belarusian territory, in addition to two divisions of the S-400 antiaircraft missile system, Mr. Fomin said. Pantsir-S antiaircraft missile and gun battalions would also be redeployed, he said.

A senior U.S. administration official told reporters on Tuesday that “there can be no doubt about Belarus’s role as an increasingly destabilizing actor in the region.”

The official noted a series of incidents to demonstrate Belarusian efforts, including the recent migrant crisis along its border with Poland—which the official said was “manufactured” by Belarus—and its forced diversion of a European passenger jet last year in order to arrest an opposition activist who was on board.

A military buildup along the Ukrainian border is further straining ties between Russia and the U.S., after clashes over cybercrime, expulsions of diplomats and a migrant crisis in Belarus. WSJ explains what is deepening the rift between Washington and Moscow. Photo Composite/Video: Michelle Inez Simon

The timing of the Russian troop movements toward Belarus is “notable and of course raises concerns that Russia could intend to station troops in Belarus under the guise of joint military exercises in order potentially to attack Ukraine from the north,” the senior U.S. administration official said.

“If Minsk were to acquiesce to the use of its road and rail networks, the Russian army could outflank Ukrainian defenses around Kyiv and approach them from the rear,” according to a January report from the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington think tank.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister

Sergei Ryabkov

said on Wednesday that Russia didn’t intend to take any aggressive action against Ukraine, “to attack or invade” its neighbor. But Moscow sees a threat in Ukraine’s potential membership of NATO, he said.

On the issue of military maneuvers in Belarus, Mr. Ryabkov urged officials to focus on diplomacy rather than the potential for conflict.

“I assure you, there is no reason to be concerned about anything in connection with these exercises,” he told the Valdai Discussion Club, a Moscow-based discussion group.

A photo released Tuesday by Belarus’s Defense Ministry shows military vehicles arriving on a Russian transport train for drills in Belarus.



Photo:

Ministry of Defence Republic of Belarus handout/Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

The diplomat also repeated Moscow’s view that the U.S. and NATO were to blame for the precarious security situation in Europe. “Washington and NATO, among other things, use Ukraine as a lever of pressure on Russia,” he said.

The Kremlin has demanded that NATO pull back from Eastern Europe and forswear the addition of potential new members such as Ukraine. U.S. and NATO officials have rejected those demands, but Washington sought to find some common ground on select security issues in a series of meetings last week.

Asked if the U.S. would negotiate with Russia on Moscow’s central concerns about NATO, Mr. Blinken said he is open to discussing issues that would enhance everyone’s security on a reciprocal basis.

SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS

Where do you think things go from here in the U.S.-Russia relationship? Join the conversation below.

After his stop in Ukraine, Mr. Blinken is set to meet his German, French and British counterparts Thursday in Berlin. The U.S. is seeking a unified position with U.S. allies on potential financial sanctions to be imposed on Russia if it invades Ukraine.

Meanwhile, the U.S. is expected to slap sanctions on four pro-Russian agents operating in Ukraine, according to administration officials. The Biden administration has said Russia is considering using agents in Ukraine to stage a provocation in the country that in turn could serve as a trigger for invasion.

On Friday, Mr. Blinken will sit down with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to take stock of meetings between their deputies and among other officials last week.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Wednesday that the talks between Messrs. Lavrov and Blinken were crucial, but he declined to comment further on specifics of the negotiations.

“In light of the recent negotiations, and as the U.S. and NATO formulate their responses, such contacts, which will take place on Friday, are extremely important,” Mr. Peskov told reporters. “We will not say anything at this point. The agenda is absolutely clear. Let’s wait for Friday.”

Write to Andrew Restuccia at [email protected], William Mauldin at [email protected] and Ann M. Simmons at [email protected]

Copyright ©2022 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8

[ad_2]

Source link